What was held in the Coelho case?

 

The Coelho case is one of the landmark judgments of the Indian Judiciary that defines the basic structure of the constitution. The judgment stated that items listed under the ninth schedule are susceptible to judicial review. The Judicial review enables judicial inquiry and scrutiny towards any law which violates the basic structure of the constitution. 

This judgment validated the previous decision in the case ‘Keshavananada Bharti VS the state of Kerala’ that outlined a few constitutional principles and values as the constitution’s ‘basic structure’ that cannot be subjected to amendments by the legislature.

Few constitutional principles like federalism, Secularism, the right to equality, independence of the Judiciary that includes judicial review encompass the basic structure of the constitution. Therefore the Judiciary stands as a guardian to protect fundamental rights in a democratic country that upholds the ‘rule of law’ under that constitution.

Learn More About: Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill, 2021 

Adding to that, such items in the ninth schedule cannot invalidate fundamental rights as they form the basic structure of the constitution. Hence any amendment under the ninth schedule should conform with the fundamental rights.

This judgment interpreted and redefined judicial review. It considers judicial review as a prominent tool used to safeguard the fundamental rights of the citizens from the breach of power by the executive and legislature. Without Judicial review, the stability of the constitution can be threatened by arbitrary laws. It ensures the independence of the Judiciary and upholds the democratic powers of the republic. The Judiciary has previously used this tool against provisions that can harm the fundamental rights of individuals in cases like:

  • Indra Sawhney vs Union of India- In this case, the concept of the creamy layer was laid down. Judicial review prevented the reservation of backward classes from exceeding 50 percent of the total seats.
  • NJAC case – The Supreme Court using the tool of Judicial Review, dismissed the 99th constitutional amendment or the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act that granted the politicians and civil servants the decision-making power in appointing judges.

“The expectation from the judiciary, to safeguard the rights of the citizens of this country, can only be ensured, by keeping it insulated and independent, from the other organs of governance,”

                                                                     -Justice J.S. Khehar

Criticism 

“The concept of basic structure as a brooding omnipresence in the sky apart from specific provisions of the Constitution is too vague and indefinite to provide a yardstick for the validity of an ordinary law.”

                                                                              -Justice Mathew

The basic structure has always been a subject of variant interpretation. The judgment received critical backlash from a variety of groups. 

Critics argued that the continuous changes by the Judiciary hamper the decision-making power of the legislature and executive. The other branches of the government feel powerless and exhausted by the constant tug of war. 

They believed that the added principles and doctrines build up obscurity and vagueness to the basic structure. Instead of defining the basic structure clearly, the Indian Judiciary shrouded its contemporary judgments.

However, in a democratic republic like India, constant reviews and judgments ensure the inherent flexibility and relatability of the constitution. The three branches work in harmony and reflect a symbiotic relationship. Therefore, the nine-judge bench in its landmark judgment of the Coelho case upheld judicial review as a vital feature of the basic structure of the constitution.

 

How to Access NJMCDirect To Pay Your Traffic Ticket Online

Have you ever been late to work, and speeded on your way, and unfortunately the officer gave you a ticket for speeding. Now, you have to take time off work, look for a court near you, and stand in a queue for hours before you can pay your dues, and you find out you have to pay more because you were just a day late! And then you have to drive back home, angry at how unfair this is, and then you are pulled over for road rage! And the cycle begins again.

Have you ever wondered if only there was a better way, if you could pay your dues from the comfort of your own home. Well, if you are from New Jersey, you are in luck. New Jersey Meadowlands Commision has created an online portal, www.njmcdirect.com for that purpose.

What is NJMCDirect?

NJMCDirect is an online portal, where you pay your dues to the district court from anywhere, at your own leisure, provided you have proper internet access, and a compatible browser installed on your device. You just need your court ticket, containing your court ID, prefix, and ticket number.

You also need your license number, as on your vehicle, and driving license, and a mode of online payment, credit or debit card, whether Visa or Mastercard. This is a fast, safe and convenient method of fine payment, taking minutes to pay your dues, and the data is not stored for more than 90 days, that can be accessed only by you and NJ district court employees, and the bill payment can be done by you at your own convenience.

The first thing you need to take care of the timings the portal is up for.The portal is active on Mondays to Thursdays at 4:30 AM – 11:15 PM (EST), Fridays at 4:30AM – 10:15PM (EST), Saturdays at 4:30AM – 3:15PM (EST), and Sundays at 1:00PM – 11:15PM (EST). Then you go may go ahead with your payment 

How to Make Fine Payment Using NJMCDirect Portal 

Fine payment by NJMCDirect is quick and easy, by following the given steps.

  • Firstly you have to open the browser of your choice( Google chrome, Safari, Microsoft edge, Mozilla firefox etc.) in your device( Mobile or Laptop/ Chromebook/ PC). Then go to www.njmcdirect.com, the official website for NJMCDirect payments.
  • On the portal, you will find two options, traffic ticket, municipal complaint, and then select the traffic ticket section. There, you shall enter the details asked for.
  • Here you will type in the court ID/ name, ticket prefix, ticket number, and your license plate number, following which, you need to click on continue.
  • After this step is executed, you can click on one of the two options now, click on ‘View NJMCDirect Ticket’ to see your NJMC ticket, the amount payable, and all fees( including late fees) involved, or on ‘Process NJMCDirect Ticket’ to go to the next payment window.
  • Once you are on the payment page now, choose your mode of payment, credit or debit cards( Visa or Mastercard) to pay the fine. Then you will fill out your card details, and click on continue.
  • The payment will be made, and you will be redirected to the printable receipt. You can  now save a copy of the receipt anytime within the next 90 days, beyond which the portal may delete your receipt data.
  • Thus, in these few easy steps, you can use the NJMCDirect.com portal to pay your traffic dues.

I hope this article was helpful to you, and was good for instructing you in how to access NJMCDirect in order to pay your traffic ticket online

The purpose of Art- the view of Ashok Bhowmik

The term ‘Art’ itself is versatile. It has a kind of romance of sensitivity and creation. Art is a weapon to fight against the unseen. It is a kind of harp that plays the tone of thoughts and feelings mingled with colour. Since ancient times, art has been evolving with different forms. Though it does not have any consistent forms, it is praised by millions of people across the world. The purpose of art may vary from person to person; the situation to situation. But its sole purpose is an expression of thoughts. 

Mr Ashok Bhowmik who is a versatile artist believes that ‘Art has the power to speak for itself’. It doesn’t need any title or hashtags to describe itself. It helps to build a heart to heart connection between artist and spectator.

About Ashok Bhowmik and his art 

Ashok Bhowmik is one of the most renowned artists of Today. Ashok Bhowmik paintings are based on figurative ideas. He puts life into inanimate objects with the stroke of the brush. He completed his graduation from Kanpur University. He completed his diploma in fine arts from the Government of Art and Craft situated in Kolkata. He participated in different art exhibitions across the globe.

He has devoted his life to the world of art and creativity. His artworks are the mere expressions of revivalists having deep insight into the ancient Indian tradition of contemporary life. He believes that urban art holds the expressions of isolation and social stigma. According to Mr Bhwomik, an artist can be anyone if he or she is able to see beyond what is seen. An artist can be a poet or can be a musician. Whoever has time to think beyond the ordinary and is able to express their thoughts through a medium is an artist.

He strongly believes that an artist doesn’t have any caste, creed or country. Art holds universality. According to him, today’s artist can turn a piece of paper into a living being through their way of expression. These pieces of art have a loud voice but one needs to have the sensitivity to hear the unheard voice of art. 

His unique way of thinking and versatility has brought a bunch of awards such as the Academy Award from the Academy of Fine Arts in Kolkata and the Governor Award from Govt. of West Bengal. 

His way of expression 

Mr Ashok Bhowik is a versatile artist. He expresses his thoughts through different forms of art. All of his paintings are expressions blended with impressionism. Most of his figurative paintings are aesthetically rich. He utilizes the theme of light and darkness with his use of colours and textures. He is able to create a mere expression and impression on the same paper.

He also masters the classical art form, often known as traditional art. The idea of the classical art form is derived from the renaissance. However, these classical art forms are initially associated with the European culture that started back in the 16th Century. It is all about the concept of contemporary society. 

Mr Bhowmik has brought that classical art form to capture today’s life and ancient India. He uses references from African and Egyptian society. According to him, art involves the authentic emotion of a person. However, it can be a bunch of thoughts and feelings; can be a story behind some incidents; can be an expression of one’s emotional body. Art also involves moral virtues blended with deep emotions and honesty. 

To conclude, we want to thank you for keeping your heart and mind into the art and creativity in this world of capitalism. Be real, be unfiltered and enjoy the independent language of art.

Keep your baby’s bottoms safe and chemical-free with eco-friendly diapers

Cloth diapers and other such eco-friendly alternatives were supposedly a thing of the past until mainstream consumerism brought them back. This was because of the excessive concern of the parents regarding the generic disposable diapers and the chemicals and toxins that these diapers exposed their toddlers too. With a modern-day inclination towards a more natural approach to baby care, eco-friendly diapers have been on an unstoppable rise to fame.

Eco-friendly diapers and their claim to fame :

Much to the relief of parents, thankfully because of these eco-friendly diapers not only can they help protect their kids from the introduction of harmful chemicals but they also furthermore help them in doing their bit in conserving the already compromised environmental conditions.

Reasons why eco-friendly diapers are the new cool :

  • They keep your kids away from harmful toxins.

It’s no new news that toddlers are exposed to a plethora of unwanted toxins and chemicals when it comes to disposable generic diapers. There are Dioxins which are carcinogenic and may trigger oncogenic cells, making it one of the worst chemicals to be used in the diapers. There are also Sodium Polyacrylate and Tributyl-tin which are known to cause toxic shock syndrome and triggering of various physical ailments respectively. Also, there’s a never-ending list of chemicals like volatile organic compounds and so on which keep on causing unnecessary damage to the sensitive skin of the toddlers. With eco-friendly diapers, you have the choice to cut out every single unwanted chemical that can cause some sort of harm to the baby.

  • The ease of choosing in between variants.

While the generic disposables offer no variation, on the other hand, eco-friendly diapers have a plethora of options to choose from. In materials, you can choose from cotton cloth to bamboo and also choose to use a reusable or disposable sort of diaper, depending upon your financial flexibility, your desire to teach potty training and so on.

  • They help prevent diaper rash :

There’s no end when it comes to the list of advantages that the eco-friendly diapers have to offer. One of the most basic advantages of using eco-friendly baby diapers is its ability to prevent diaper rash in babies. This is the most common yet dreaded problem in using disposable diapers. The diaper rash is very irritable to the toddler and can often turn out to be quite a painful affair. If ignored and not taken care of, it can lead to even more serious problems.  Also, the cost to buy medicines or topical ointments to cure the diaper rash is a vicious cycle of costly affairs that can easily be avoided with a healthier and greener alternative.

  • As the name implies, they are eco friendly :

We are no stranger to the fact that it takes around centuries for a disposable diaper to degrade. Given the massive amount of carbon footprint that we leave behind and given the fact that we are incapable of handling such amounts of waste speaks volume of how much we have strangulated the environmental conditions. As parents, it becomes our duty to cut out the environmental waste deposition and by switching to a mode of eco-friendly diapers, we shall do our bit of trying to make this world a greener and better place for our upcoming generation. Eco-friendly diapers indeed are the need of the hour.

  • Saving tonnes of money :

Raising a baby is hard. And given the number of diapers used in a day, multiplied with the ones used in a total of all the years until potty training, it’s sure is a costly affair. Eco-friendly diapers have a range of reusable diapers made of cloth or cotton which are washable. So you can use them again and again instead of having to cut a new set of diapers every day, saving yourself a large sum of money. Moreover, they are so long-lasting that you can reuse them if you have a new baby to welcome in some years. These reusable eco-friendly diapers hardly stink or make a pretty mess while you keep scratching your heads regarding conscious disposal.

The most important conclusion of the topic states that not only are eco-friendly diapers beneficial for your baby’s health, but they also promote a “greener” and environmentally friendly method of survival.

Kundli matching – Kundli Milan calculator

In Hindu tradition, it is much necessary to know the compatibility of a couple to marry each other better deciding to hinge them. One can see the strength of match with the help of Kundli Milan Calculator. To know the deep compatibility of a couple willing to marry, an astrologer will use this tool. To understand why you need Kundli Milan Calculator for matchmaking, you need to have good knowledge about marriage compatibility. Any couple willing to marry will dream about their future in multiple ways. But it is of no use when the love harmony doesn’t match after getting married. For a better tomorrow, you need to marry the right person who deserves to share the life. Unfortunately, fate decides the marriage journey of a few people, and they get into troubles. As marriage is the most important part of life, you need to check Kundli for a healthy and happy wedding.

People often say that God has already decided a person to marry you. Though you may miss n number of matches, you need to wait for the right one that matches with your Janam Kundli. An astrologer can decide the compatibility of a marriage with the help of planets so-called as Guna Ponthana. Never consider marriage just like a ritual because it is the most auspicious festival that you celebrate once in a lifetime. According to Vedic science, the movement of planets will have a significant impact on the life of a human. When it comes to marriage, the effect of marrying a person having various doshas will put the couple into risks. The astrologers of these days learned the Vedic science from ancient saints and helping people knowing their Kundli. Not everyone can understand the motion of stars and planets. It needs a great concentration to gain the Kundli Milan Calculation. At the same time, the latest software available on the web is helping people in getting information related to Kundli Matching.

For a happy marriage, a minimum gap of 5 to 11 years is a must. It is because having atleast five years of gap between the couple will build a bridge for egos and the maturity levels will be high. The main reason for the age gap is to allow the movement of grahas between the couple so that the Kundli will be matching. In these days, people are willing to marry with an age gap of 1 or 2 or 3 and not more than 4. This can create an impact in the life of a few people by creating unexpected clashes between the couple or their families. Though Kundli matching calculator shows the excellent score, the couple seems to face issues in future due to age issues. To know more details with regards to Kundli matching, you need to check out the score using Kundli Milan Calculator. With the help of this tool, you can know the matching points between the boy and girl, the negative points affecting their prosperous life.

Kundli Matching can be done by name or date of birth in Telugu, Hindi, and English languages using Kundli Milan Calculator. Astrologers suggest people check their Kundli at them so that they can let you know every detail about your future. If you wish to see the score before reaching an astrologer, Kundli Milan calculator will be much helpful. For better results, you need to have details like date of birth, time, area, and full name. There were a few websites to calculate horoscope matching without Date of Birth, but those are not much accurate. Use Kundli Milan Calculator, know your Marriage matching points and take a step forward.